Ecuador has vast tracts of rainforest; this rich biodiversity provides a wide range of activities and land uses that are likely to be affected by climate change. For this reason, the government of Ecuador decided to conduct an assessment of investment and financial flows (I&FF) to address climate change in the sectors forestry (mitigation), food security (adaptation) and transport (mitigation) as part of the global UNDP project 'Capacity Development for Policy Makers to Address Climate Change'.
According to the assessments that were completed in September 2011, US$ 7,546 million will be needed by 2030 to address the impacts of climate change on food security, as well as to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from forestry activities and transportation. The Ecuadorian government has enacted a State Policy on climate change adaptation and mitigation, and is working on and encouraging efforts to both reduce the country's vulnerability to climate change impacts, and to reduce emissions in production and social sectors. National capacity development and the I&FF assessment have been key tools for national planning and management of climate change.
- See results flyer (Spanish, English) & executive summary for policy makers (Spanish) of Ecuador
- Access the final reports on the sectors forestry, transport & food security (Spanish).
Ecuador decided to have 3 Final National Inter-Ministerial Dialogues, they were held in Quito on 28 March, in Guayaquil on 29 March, and in Cuenca on 30 March 2011.
More than 70 participants attended the final Dialogue in Quito, more than 35 in Guayaquil and more than 35 in Cuenca, covering key line ministries, Unidad Nacional Almacenamiento, banks, universities, as well as a broad range of Non-Governmental Organizations (including Proforestal, Grupo Faro, Centro de Levantamientos Integrados de Recursos Naturales Por Sensores Remotos), plus the international community with representatives from CARE, JICA and GIZ. During the Dialogues the results of the I&FF assessments were presented and the next steps for their implementation were discussed in the context of national planning and the international negotiations.
- Documents from concluding dialogue (zip file) containing agenda, participant list and presentations
- Dialogue report
- Dialogue conclusions
The training on the UNDP investment & financial flows (I&FF) methodology was held in Quito on 23-25 March 2010.
46 national experts from key line ministries as well as consultants who supported the assessments received a 3-day training on the methodology to carry out I&FF assessments, about 15 experts were assigned to each sector team.
- Documents from I&FF training (zip file) containing agenda, participant list, presentations and the organizational structure of the I&FF teams
To ensure a broad coverage of stakeholders on the ground, Ecuador decided to hold 3 Initial National Inter-Ministerial Dialogue on Climate Change, which were held in Quito, Guayaquil and Cuenca in the week of 9-13 November 2009.
The the initial Dialogue launched the project nationally & served as a platform for representatives of line ministries and other agencies to exchange on Climate Change topics including Adaptation, Mitigation, Finance & Technology Transfer. More than 75 representatives from the Ministries of Finance, Environment, Transport and Public Works, Agriculture, Energy, Public Health, Foreign Affaires, Security, Coordination of Policies, , Industry Competitiveness and Productivity, Tourism, Coastal Zones, Work and Employment, Urban Development and Habitats, Mining and Petrol, Economic and Social Inclusion, Social Development, Education, Culture, Cultural & Natural Heritage and more participated.
- Documents from initial dialogue (zip file) containing agenda, participant list and presentations
- Dialogue report
- Recommendation to Ministers
- Media coverage
National Issues Papers on key sectors
On each selected key sector one National Issues Paper was prepared by a national expert, analyzing the relevance of the sector for the country, main constraints due to climate change / main emissions of CO2, as well as financial and organizational structure of the sector. The National Issues Papers serve as an entry point for the following I&FF assessment.
- National Issues Paper on forestry/REDD (mitigation & adaptation)
- National Issues Paper on transport (mitigation)
- National Issues Paper on agriculture/food security (adaptation)
Although this is not an exhausting list, the file below shows some of the key information that is relevant for the sectors of forestry, transport and food security in Ecuador.
- Background reading (zip file) including National Communication
- Website ministry of environment of Ecuador
The UNDP Regional Bureau for Latin America & the Caribbean (LAC) has expanded on the global project, 'Capacity Development for Policy Makers to Address Climate Change' in the LAC region to provide technical support to national policy makers and its Country Offices and strengthen capacity on budgetary issues related to the post-2012 climate regime.
In close collaboration with UNDP Headquarters, the Regional Bureau for Latin America & Caribbean built upon these activities at the global level to initiate a comprehensive regional programme - Climate Policy 2012 - funded by the government of Spain and UNDP track funds. Launched in 2009, this programme is tailored around the specific needs of Ibero-American countries facing the opportunities and challenges of the post-2012 global climate regime. The contribution of the Spanish government was based on the principle that all nineteen countries in Ibero-America will benefit from the Climate Policy 2012 Programme: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela.