New Publication Available! Taking Stock of Durban - Review of Key Outcomes and the Road Ahead
- Published on Friday, 20 April 2012 20:52
- Written by Susanne Olbrisch
Taking Stock of Durban - Review of Key Outcomes and the Road Ahead
The Durban Climate Conference in December 2011 represented a significant step forward for the United Nations climate change process. Although its outcomes continue to be debated, the Durban Conference could prove to be a game-changing conference for the climate negotiations.
Governments adopted a comprehensive package of decisions—including an agreement to initiate a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol and the "Durban Platform" to negotiate a long-term, all inclusive future mitigation regime that includes a process to address the "ambition gap" for stabilizing average global temperature increases at 2 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels. They also adopted a range of decisions designed to implement the 2010 Cancun Agreements, including launching a new Green Climate Fund and developing stronger requirements for the reporting and review of countries' mitigation efforts. After several days behind closed doors and over 30 hours past their closing deadline, delegates agreed to:
• Launch the Durban Platform on Enhanced Action, a new negotiating process to develop a "protocol, another legal instrument, or agreed outcome with legal force".
• Begin a second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol in 2013.
• Further elaborate the recent Copenhagen and Cancun outcomes.