The Outcomes of Copenhagen: the Negotiations & the Accord

The Outcomes of Copenhagen: the Negotiations & the Accord (UNDP, 2010).

Evaluates the Copenhagen climate talks, and compares how the key issues are being addressed under the formal negotiating tracks and the Copenhagen Accord. Available in English, French, Spanish, and Russian. Arabic forthcoming. The document was authored by Alina Averchenkova, a senior analyst with First Climate, and peer reviewed by an international team of experts.

This is the latest in the Climate Policy Series of the UNDP Environment & Energy Group (EEG). The other documents in the series are:

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions: Issues for Consideration (2009). Available in English.

Financing Under the Bali Road Map: Designing, Governing, and Delivering Funds (2009). Available in English.

The Bali Road Map: Key Issues Under Negotiation (2008). Available in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Chinese.

These resources were all prepared under the EEG global project, Capacity Development for Policy Makers to Address Climate Change. The project is generously funded by the governments of Norway, Finland, Switzerland, and Spain, and by the United Nations Foundation and UNDP.

New Publications added to our database – March 19, 2010

Please find below some of the new publications by the South Centre that have been added to our Publications Database. You can sign up to receive email alerts from our site by clicking "Email Notifications" on your right and filling out your email address.

Comments on the Copenhagen Accord, January 2010, English

This Informal Note analyzes the Copenhagen Accord in terms of its legal nature and its substantive content, outlines important issues and concerns for the consideration of developing countries in the context of the UNFCCC negotiations and their development implications, and identifies some options that developing countries may consider in the context of their future action in relation to the Copenhagen Accord. Published by the South Centre.

The Gap between Commitments and Implementation: Assessing the Compliance by Annex I Parties with their Commitments under the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol, October 2009, English

This research paper looks at the extent of compliance by developing countries listed in Annex I of the UNFCCC of their obligations under the UNFCCC to undertake mitigation and to provide financing, technology, and capacity building to developing countries. Published by the South Centre.

Carbon-Based Competitiveness, Trade and Climate Change: Perspectives of Developing Countries, October 2009, English

This paper analyses a number of issues raised by the increasing links between the global trade and climate agendas such as tariff liberalisation on green technologies, the use of low carbon standards, intellectual property rights and border adjustment measures. The paper examines these issues from the perspectives of developing countries focusing on the political and economic considerations that underlie them.

From the perspective of developing countries, trade measures are not necessarily the best nor the most appropriate means for addressing climate change concerns. Rather, there is great concern that the use of trade measures by developed countries ostensibly to address climate change concerns may in fact have the effect of restricting the market access of developing country products in developed countries and enhancing the competitive edge that developed countries have in global trade, thereby "locking in" the current inequitable development gap between developed and developing countries. Published by the South Centre.

Accelerating Climate-Relevant Technology Innovation and Transfer to Developing Countries: Using TRIPS Flexibilities under the UNFCCC, August 2009, English

This Analytical Note examines flexibilities in the Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and possible technology transfer approaches under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as among the possible modalities that developing countries can use to obtain access to and affect transfers of climate-relevant technologies. It looks at the possibilities and challenges that need to be addressed in this regard. Published by the South Centre.

For a complete list of publications please go to our Publications Database. You are invited to add publications to the database by clicking on the "Submit Publication" link.

UNDP summary of week one of the climate talks in Copenhagen

UNDP has prepared a summary of week one of the climate negotiations taking place in Copenhagen. Once the Copenhagen conference concludes, we will be disseminating an updated summary in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Portuguese.

Packages of National Inter-Ministerial Dialogues resource materials are now available for download in 6 languages

Packages of National Inter-Ministerial Dialogues resource materials are now available for download in 6 languages

Package of Dialogue resource materials

Guidance to conducting a Dialogue

Presentations on the Bali Road Map

Annotated and participant agendas

Working group moderator guidance and discussion questions

Participant surveys (to assess baseline knowledge)

Evaluation and feedback forms

Available in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, and Portuguese.

Guidance note to using the package

Available in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, and Portuguese.

National Dialogue Reference Materials

Available in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, and Portuguese.

Please refer to the National Inter-Ministerial Dialogues on Climate Change page.

New Publications added to our database - November 20, 2009

Below please find some of the new publications that have been recently added to our Publications Database. You can sign up to receive email alerts from our site by clicking "Email Notifications" on your right and filling out your email address.

Working Paper: Keeping Track: National Positions and Design Elements of an MRV Framework, June 2009, English

As country representatives meet under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to forge a new climate agreement, a major challenge dominates discussions: how can a system be created to assure that countries are held accountable for their commitments and actions to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) and their obligations to provide technology, finance and capacity building support? This working paper seeks to facilitate progress on this critical component of a successful climate agreement. It aims to help policy-makers, UNFCCC negotiators and civil society groups navigate the complexity of the "MRV" challenge by focusing attention on central questions in advance of the December talks in Copenhagen and presenting country positions to date.

By Hilary McMahon, Remi Moncel. Published by the World Resources Institute.

The Little REDD Book: A guide to governmental and non-governmental proposal for reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation, November 2008, Chinese, French, Spanish.

The Little REDD Book is a guide to the UN negotiations on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) prepared in advance of COP-14 in Poznan, Poland. It includes an analytical framework for comparing current and future proposals for addressing REDD at the international level.

By Charlie Parker, Andrew Mitchell, Mandar Trivedi and Niki Mardas. Published by Global Canopy Programme

Issue Paper: Access to Climate Change Technology by Developing Countries: A Practical Strategy, November 2009, English

Enhancing access to climate change technology by developing countries is a key element of any effective international response to the global climate change challenge. Since the Bali meeting, the role of intellectual property rights (IPRs) has been the subject of increased attention in climate change discussions on technology transfer. UNFCCC negotiating texts contain a wide spectrum of options and proposals relating to intellectual property that reflect a diversity of views on the matter. The paper aims to provide a much needed practical perspective on how these options and proposals would work "in the real world" and the extent to which they would effectively enable developing countries to gain greater access to climate change technologies.

By Cynthia Cannady. Published by The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development's Programme on IPRs and Sustainable Development

ECN Report: "Financial assessment of the technology proposals under the UNFCCC", November 2009, English

Copenhagen will be crucial to provide a global framework for the urgent transformational change and ensure both the advancement and transfer of climate technologies. This study by E3G and ECN aims to facilitate the process by providing estimates of the financial requirements of the current technology proposals within the context of ongoing UNFCCC negotiations

By Xander van Tilburg, Alessia De Vita, Heleen de Coninck, Shane Tomlinson, Pelin Zorlu. Published by the Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN)

For a complete list of publications please go to our Publications Database. You are invited to add publications to the database by clicking on the "Submit Publication" link.

IIED Briefing paper on COP-15

IIED published a four-page briefing paper about COP15 which explains key processes, major actions to be agreed and possible outcomes. The Briefing has been reviewed for accuracy by international lawyers who sit on national delegations during UN negotiations.

It covers items such as:

The future of the Kyoto Protocol - do some countries really want to kill it?

Different COP15 outcomes, from no agreement to two legally binding protocols

Hot topics and sticking points in the negotiations - forests, fossil fuels and finance.

Where developing nations agree - and where they disagree.

Different negotiating blocks, and what they stand for.

To download the Briefing please visit: http://www.iied.org/pubs/display.php?o=17074IIED

Recent and Up-coming Climate Change Events, Conferences and Meetings (November)

Below is the list of the recent and up-coming climate-change events, conferences, and meetings. Please feel free to send us your suggestions and recommendations. You can sign up for the email alerts by clicking "Email Notifications" on your right and filling out your email address.

Opening the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Conference on Aviation and Alternative Fuels, which is taking place from 16-18 November 2009, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, ICAO Secretary General Raymond Benjamin stressed that efficiency improvements can no longer be relied upon to meet the airline industry's growing requirements to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The conference brings together leaders from the global aviation industry to establish a roadmap for the introduction of sustainably produced, GHG saving, alternative fuels. Participants will discuss alternative fuels': environmental sustainability and interdependencies; technological feasibility and economic reasonableness; development and use support; and production and infrastructure. Please see the Opening Address.

Leaders of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) convened for their 17th meeting, titled "Sustaining Growth, Connecting the Region," in Singapore on 14-15 November 2009, and discussed climate change, among other issues. In the resulting Declaration, APEC leaders reaffirm their commitment to work towards an ambitious outcome in Copenhagen, within the UNFCCC objectives, provisions and principles. They commit to enhance work on meeting the goal of increasing forest cover in the region by at least 20 million hectares of all types of forests by 2020, and express support for REDD under the UNFCCC. They further recognize the role of oceans in mitigating climate change, and the impact of climate change on oceans and coastal areas. APEC leaders agreed to review progress at a meeting in 2010. APEC members are: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, the Philippines, the Russian Federation, Singapore, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, the US and Viet Nam. To learn more please read the APEC Press Release.

Pre-COP 15: Forty ministers responsible for environment and climate met in Copenhagen, Denmark, from 16-17 November 2009, to prepare for the 15th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC, scheduled to be held in December. At the meeting, ministers from Brazil and the Republic of Korea presented recently approved national decisions on emissions reductions. In a message delivered by Yvo de Boer, UNFCCC Executive Secretary, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon stated that the Copenhagen Conference "will mark a milestone in international efforts to build a more sustainable relationship with our planet." Mr. Ban also emphasized the mobilization of millions of people and the private sector, and highlighted the "clamor" of businesses for "the policy signals that could unleash green investments." At the close of the meeting, Swedish Environment Minister Andreas Carlgren, President-in-Office of the European Environmental Council, reported that the ministers had confirmed willingness to achieve a comprehensive "binding agreement" in Copenhagen including clear commitments for all countries, as well as a clear timetable so that "the agreement will be turned into a legally binding document." Minister Carlgren is convening a special meeting of the EU environment ministers to be held on 23 November 2009, in Brussels, Belgium. To learn more please see the Meeting Announcement; UN Secretary-General Ban's Message; and Minister Carlgren's Post-Meeting Remarks.

The Committee of African Heads of State and Government on Climate Change (Committee of Ten), mandated by the African Union to speak on behalf of Africa during the 15th session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC, met in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on 17 November 2009. AU Commission Chairperson Jean Ping stressed that Africa expects "not only a mere declaration" from Copenhagen, but rather an all-inclusive agreement to provide Africa technology and capacity-building support to overcome the threat of global warming. He called for concrete measures to "resolve the present climatic crises and spare the continent from catastrophes." (Please see AU Commission Chairperson Ping's Speech). The Committee of Ten then consulted "in camera" on strategies and institutional mechanisms to promote the African common position on climate change in Copenhagen. The Committee includes: Algeria, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, South Africa and Uganda. To learn more please read theAU Press Release.

Eighth Adaptation Fund Board Meeting: Nov 16 - 18, 2009, Bonn Germany. The Adaptation Fund has been established by the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change to finance concrete adaptation projects and programmes in developing countries that are Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. Agenda items for the eighth Board meeting will include: initial funding priorities of the Adaptation Fund Board; results based management framework for the Adaptation Fund; and financial issues. For more information please visit the web site: http://www.adaptation-fund.org/afbb8documents.html

7th World Forum of Sustainable Development: Paris 2009: Nov 19 - 20, 2009, Paris France. The theme for this conference is "The new world order: after Kyoto and before Copenhagen." To learn more please visit : http://www.fmdd.fr/english_version.html

For a complete list of events please refer to our Calendar of climate change events.

The newest issue of IISD MEA Bulletin is now available

The newest issue of IISD MEA Bulletin is now available. This issue includes reports on the Barcelona Climate Change Talks, the 31st session of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the 21st Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, and the special session of the ninth session of the UN Forum on Forests, among other meetings.

The guest article, which was authored by Saskia Marijnissen, UNOPS, Technical Advisor UNDP/GEF Project on Lake Tanganyika, and Henry Mwima, Executive Director Lake Tanganyika Authority, reports on the signing of the Headquarters Agreement of the Lake Tanganyika Authority.

To access the 80th issue directly, please click here. To read past issues and to sign up to receive the PDF version, please click here.

New Publications added to our database - November 9, 2009

Below please find some of the new publications that have been recently added to our Publications Database. You can sign up to receive email alerts from our site by clicking "Email Notifications" on your right and filling out your email address.

FAO Report: Food Security and Agricultural Mitigation in Developing Countries: Options for Capturing Synergies, November 2009

The report highlights the mitigation potential from agriculture of improvements in cropland and grazing land management and soil restoration. It calls for considering food security, agricultural mitigation, adaptation and development in global agendas and national strategies for climate change and food security, as well as up-front financing. It stresses the need for leveraging finance for terrestrial-based climate mitigation and underscores the lack of consensus on measurable, reportable and verifiable requirements. Available in English

Key Functions for a UNFCCC Technology Institutional Structure: Identifying Convergence in Country Submissions

This paper identifies the key elements needed to ensure enhanced action on technology transfer and development and then evaluates the approaches taken in major country positions. It finds a number of important convergences in these positions and identifies four types of institutions that recur in country positions: central bodies, dedicated funds, regional institutions and coordinating committees. Matching these institutions to functional needs suggests that a combination of institutional structures best meets all the institutional needs of a technology agreement. Available in English

Getting Ready: A Review of the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Readiness Preparation Proposals

Part of a series of regular updates on the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) readiness process. It reviews documentation detailing national REDD initiatives emerging from the FCPF in order to assess how these efforts are dealing with fundamental issues of forest governance that underpin deforestation and forest degradation problems in REDD countries. Without addressing these issues it will be difficult, if not impossible, to reduce deforestation and degradation at the national level and deal with risks of leakage. Available in English

World Bank Study: Changes in CO2 Emissions from Energy Use: a Multi-country Decomposition Analysis, November 2009

The study looks at data from over 100 countries covering the period 1994-2006. Key variables that define emission levels include the carbon intensity of the mix of fossil fuels, the share of fossil fuels in total energy consumed, the energy required to produce a unit of GDP (energy intensity), GDP per capita and population. The study indicates that reducing the amount of energy required to produce a unit of GDP, particularly in the service sector, has been by far the greatest contributor to curbing emissions growth. Available in English

For a complete lists of publications please go to our Publications Database. You are invited to add publications to the database by clicking on the "Submit Publication" link.

2009 EU-U.S. Summit

Climate change featured in several outcomes of the first EU-US Summit since the Obama Administration took office.

Swedish Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt, representing the EU Presidency, European Commission President José Manuel Barroso and EU High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana met with US President Barack Obama in the White House on 3 November 2009, to discuss climate change and other topics.

In the resulting EU-US Summit Declaration, they commit to promote an ambitious and comprehensive international climate change agreement in Copenhagen, aiming at a global goal of 50% global emissions reductions by 2050 and reflecting the respective mid-term mitigation efforts of all major economies, including developed and emerging ones. The EU and US also undertake to mobilize "substantial financial resources" to support adaptation by "the most vulnerable" and enhanced mitigation actions by developing countries. They further commit to strengthen efforts to develop strong and well-functioning carbon markets, which were considered "essential" to engage emerging and developing countries in ambitious emissions reduction actions.

To learn more please see the 2009 EU-U.S. Summit Declaration

World Water Day

Water is the primary medium through which climate change influences the Earth's ecosystems and therefore people's livelihoods and well-being. Climate change adaptation, therefore, is mainly about water. On November 3 UN-Water presents its key messages on water and climate change as a contribution to COP 15 in Copenhagen this December.

In Barcelona, during the COP15 preparatory meetings of the UN Convention on Climate Change, a special 'Water Day' event will bring the attention to water as a critical and cross-cutting concern for climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Recent and Up-coming Climate Change Events, Conferences and Meetings (October 29, 2009)

High-Level Conference on Climate Change: Technology Development and Transfer , 22-23 October, New Delhi "The only sure way to answer the climate challenge is to invest heavily in renewable energy technologies - lowering their cost and making them available in developing countries; literally bringing the power of development to the poor and vulnerable". The meeting, organized jointly by the Government of India and the UN, brought delegates from nearly 60 countries one step closer to consensus on how to address climate change by fostering the transfer of critical technologies around the world. A background paper, official summary and other information on this important Conference may be accessed on the Division for Sustainable Development's website.

IPCC-31: Oct 26 - 29, 2009, Bali Indonesia. The thirty-first session of the IPCC will be held from 26-29 October in Bali, Indonesia. For more information, please visit IPCC Secretariat web site

Young Commonwealth Climate Change Summit: Oct 28 - 30, 2009, London England. The Commonwealth Policy Studies Unit (CPSU) is helping to coordinate a major event in London this autumn bringing young people from around the Commonwealth to discuss climate change. The theme of the event is 'Tackling Climate Change: 'A Commonwealth agenda for young people'. This timely meeting comes ahead of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in November and the UN climate change summit in Copenhagen in December. Participation is open to representatives of national governments, local authorities, youth/children, and other youth development partners. Please register at the link provided by October 10, 2009.

3rd Conference on adaptation to climate change in developing countries will take place on Thursday November 26th. The conference expects to bring together over 200 NGO practitioners, government officials, and representatives from business and scientists. The program for the conference, practical information and outlines for the workshops can be found in the attachments and on www.hier.nu/adaptatie For participation in the conference please fill in the registration form.

For a complete list of events please visit our Calendar of climate change events

UNDP Administrator Highlights the Effects of Climate Change on the Poor on International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

On the occasion of International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, UN Development Programme (UNDP) Administrator Helen Clark stressed that climate change has the potential to undermine development and make it worse for those already unable to access adequate shelter, food, energy, clean water and sanitation.

She highlighted that the effects of climate-induced disasters on the poor, women and children will be disproportionately higher, with a person living in a developing country 79 times more likely to suffer from such a disaster than someone living in a developed country. Clark noted that the UNDP mandate focuses on poverty reduction, as well as on the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, including sustainable development, and noted that good governance, peace and stability contribute to overall development. She said that, in Copenhagen, the global community will have the responsibility to ensure that poverty eradication is at the centre of any negotiated international agreement on climate change.

To read the full address available in French and Spanish please refer to the UNDP Newsroom page.

New publications added to our Database

Below please find some of the new publications that have been recently added to our Publications Database. You can sign up to receive email alerts from our site by clicking "Email Notifications" on your right and filling out your email address.

World Energy Outlook 2009 Excerpt for Climate Negotiations: How the Energy Sector Can Deliver on a Climate Agreement in Copenhagen, International Atomic Energy Agency, 2009

Provides an analysis on what policy measures will be necessary, sector by sector, to move key countries and regions (including the United States, Japan, the European Union, Russia, China and India) onto a 450ppm trajectory. The report incorporates the significant impact that the financial and economic crises have had on global energy and focuses especially on policies and investments needed up to 2020, corresponding to the timeframe negotiators are dealing with in Copenhagen in December 2009. Available in English.

The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity Report: Forest Resilience, Biodiversity, and Climate Change. A Synthesis of the Biodiversity/ Resilience/ Stability Relationship in Forest Ecosystems, 2009

This Report reviews the concepts of ecosystem resilience, resistance, and stability in forests and their relationship to biodiversity, with particular reference to climate change. The report strongly supports the conclusion that the capacity of forests to resist change, or recover following disturbance, is dependent on biodiversity at multiple scales. The findings are relevant for the further implementation of the CBD programme of work on forest biodiversity, as well as for efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD), as the resilience and stability of forest ecosystems are linked to the permanence of carbon stocks. Available in English.

REDD-PLUS Briefing Paper, 2009

This briefing paper has been prepared by the Foundation for International Law and Development to assist developing country negotiators working on REDD-PLUS (includes activities with potentially extremely serious implications for indigenous people, local communities and forests). The briefing paper provides a summary overview of the process and key issues related to REDD-PLUS prior to the UNFCCC negotiating sessions in Bangkok. Available in English, French, Spanish.

UNEP Report: Towards Sustainable Production and Use of Resources: Assessing Biofuels, October 2009

The report is based on a review of published research up to mid-2009 as well as the input of independent experts world-wide. It recognizes that the research that has accrued over recent years presents a complex and uncertain picture of the risks and benefits of biofuels. The UNEP synthesis report attempts to clarify the picture by providing an accessible assessment of the science available to date. Available in English.

For a complete lists of publications please go to our Publications Database. You are invited to add publications to the database by clicking on the "Submit Publication" link.

Recent and Up-coming Climate Change Events, Conferences and Meetings

Below is the list of the recent and up-coming climate-change events, conferences, and meetings. Please feel free to send us your suggestions and recommendations. You can sign up for the email alerts by clicking "Email Notifications" on your right and filling out your email address.

The UN Summit on Climate Change, 22 September 2009 The UN Summit on Climate Change brought together 150 countries, including approximately 100 Heads of State and government, with the aim of mobilizing the political will and vision needed to reach an ambitious agreed outcome in Copenhagen. For a brief UNDP summary, click here. For more information on the Summit and its outcomes please refer to the Summit webpage.

Forum on Forests and Climate Change: October 21, 2009, Buenos Aires Argentina. As part of the XIII World Forestry Congress, the global forest community is invited to this Forum for a debate aiming to produce a recommendation of a technical nature to be presented at the UNFCCC COP15 in Copenhagen in December. For more information please visit Forum's website.

High-level Conference on Climate Change: Technology Development and Transfer: Oct 22 - 23, 2009, New Delhi India. The Government of India and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) are jointly organizing this high-level conference to help formulate a roadmap for technology in the context of climate change mitigation and adaptation to support the UNFCCC process. For more information please visit Conference's website.

Chatham House-RRI Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change: Oct 22 - 23, 2009, Washington DC United States of America. This meeting will focus on the international implications of the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (Waxman-Markey bill), as well as the preliminary steps by the UN-REDD and Forest Carbon Partnership Facility to establish REDD readiness in developing countries. Click here for more information.

Young Commonwealth Climate Change Summit: Oct 28 - 30, 2009, London England. The Commonwealth Policy Studies Unit (CPSU) is helping to coordinate a major event in London this autumn bringing young people from around the Commonwealth to discuss climate change. The theme of the event is 'Tackling Climate Change: 'A Commonwealth agenda for young people'. This timely meeting comes ahead of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in November and the UN climate change summit in Copenhagen in December. Participation is open to representatives of national governments, local authorities, youth/children, and other youth development partners. Please register at the link provided by October 10, 2009.

For a complete list of events please refer to our Calendar of climate change events.

African Parliamentarians Meet at UNEP Headquarters to Address Climate Change

An African Parliamentarians Summit, entitled "Climate Change: One Africa, One Voice, One Position," convened from 13-14 October 2009, at the headquarters of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) in Nairobi, Kenya.

At the opening of the Summit, Kenya's President Mwai Kibaki called for "aggressive initiatives to provide for the reduction of greenhouse gases and domestication" of international and regional instruments on climate change. The Summit was co-organized by the Kenyan Parliament, the Pan African Parliamentarians Network on Climate Change and the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance. It sought to consolidate past and ongoing efforts by African parliamentarians in the lead-up to the special session of the African Union-African Ministerial Conference on Environment (AU-AMCEN) scheduled from 19-23 October 2009, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, as well as for the climate negotiations in Copenhagen in December.

UNEP Press Release.

UNFCCC climate talks, 28 September-9 October 2009, Bangkok

Governments had convened in Bangkok for the ongoing negotiations under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol (KP). These negotiations occurred after a flurry of recent international meetings - the Alliance of Small Island States Climate Change Summit, the Secretary-General's UN Summit on Climate Change, the opening of the UN General Assembly, the Major Economies Forum, and the G-20 Meeting in Pittsburgh. (For more information on these other meetings, see below.)

The Bangkok session largely focused on reducing the negotiating text and a number of options in advance of the next sessions in Barcelona. Unlike during the previous meetings in Bonn, the discussions quickly centered on mitigation actions - what many parties saw as the core, "make-or-break" issue. A largely unified group of developed countries called for consideration of mitigation actions by developing countries. The USA, EU, Australia, and Japan together emphasized that their future pledges are conditional on developing country action. This is signaling that recent goodwill, especially with Japan's highly praised announcement of new and more stringent targets, has been replaced with harder negotiating positions.

The question of developing country action is largely dependent on potential financial transfers from developed countries. Disagreements remain over who should contribute to these funds and how they should be managed, with the role of existing institutions forming a core question. The upcoming sessions in Barcelona are likely to focus on these questions in order for the larger issue of mitigation actions to be resolved in Copenhagen.

Official UNDP summary is available in English.

2009 International Day for Disaster Reduction - 14 October

The 2009 International Day for Disaster Reduction will be observed on 14 October and is dedicated to the theme 'Hospitals safe from Disaster'. Hospital safety is essential - in the recent disasters in the Philippines, Vietnam and China, Samoa and Indonesia and West Africa, not only lives were lost, but lifesaving health infrastructure was severely affected. Therefore, the United Nations urge the global community to build new hospitals that will withstand the impacts of natural hazards. To mark the International Day for Disaster Reduction, UNISDR, WHO and partners are organizing a main event in London and further events all around the globe.

Please click here for More information.

Package of National Inter-Ministerial Dialogue resource materials is now available for download.

A package of National Inter-Ministerial Dialogue resource materials is now available for download in English from our Project/National Dialogues page. Package includes the following documents and templates:

Guidance to conducting a Dialogue

Presentations on the Bali Road Map, the four building blocks of adaptation, mitigation, technology and financing, and land use, land-use change and forestry

Annotated and participant agendas

Working group moderator guidance

Working group discussion questions

Participant surveys (to assess baseline knowledge)

Evaluation and feedback forms

The UN Summit on Climate Change, 22 September 2009

The Summit brought together approximately 100 Heads of State and government. At the close of the Summit, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon voiced optimism that negotiations for a new climate agreement are on the "right track," but also warned that momentum must be maintained to ensure success in Copenhagen.

In a summary of the talks among world leaders, Ban noted that there was convergence on five key issues, including enhanced measures to help the most vulnerable and poorest adapt to the impact of climate change, as well as setting emission reduction targets for industrialized countries. Heads of State and government also agreed on the importance of developing countries taking mitigation actions with necessary support; scaling up financial and technical resources; and setting up an equitable governance structure. During the day-long event, leaders acknowledged the "scientific imperative" to curb emissions by at least 50 per cent below 1990 levels by 2050, with many referring to the importance of a 2-degree Celsius limit on global temperature rise. For more information on the Summit and its outcomes please refer to the Summit's webpage.